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The political economy of energy transitions and thermal energy poverty Comparing the residential LPG sectors in Indonesia and South Africa


  • Johannes Kruger
  • Louise Tait
  • Jiska de Groot


Indonesia and South Africa are both trying address energy poverty through subsidized energy provision. South Africa has implemented one of the largest electrification programmes in the world, and 80 per cent of the population now have access to the national grid. But this alone is unlikely to achieve universal energy access goals.Indonesia recently implemented one of the largest household energy transition projects to date: the kerosene-to-LPG (liquid petroleum gas) conversion programme. Exploring these projects makes more visible the political economic factors that have affected the adoption of certain energy carriers.

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  • Johannes Kruger & Louise Tait & Jiska de Groot, 2016. "The political economy of energy transitions and thermal energy poverty Comparing the residential LPG sectors in Indonesia and South Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series 072, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2016-072

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Matinga, Margaret Njirambo & Clancy, Joy S. & Annegarn, Harold J., 2014. "Explaining the non-implementation of health-improving policies related to solid fuels use in South Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 53-59.
    2. Hall, Charles A.S. & Lambert, Jessica G. & Balogh, Stephen B., 2014. "EROI of different fuels and the implications for society," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 141-152.
    3. Budya, Hanung & Yasir Arofat, Muhammad, 2011. "Providing cleaner energy access in Indonesia through the megaproject of kerosene conversion to LPG," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(12), pages 7575-7586.
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    Gas utilities; Political science; Poverty; Power resources;

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