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The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s: El Salvador country study

Author

Listed:
  • Cruces Guillermo
  • Fields Gary S.
  • Jaume David
  • Viollaz Mariana

Abstract

During the 2000s, El Salvador experienced slow economic growth for Latin American standards. The country underwent a recession during the international crisis of 2008, but returned to pre-recession output level in 2011. Changes in labour market conditions were mixed. The unemployment rate fell, and the mix of employment by occupations, economic sector, and education improved slightly. However, the employment mix by occupational position deteriorated, and the share of registered workers and earnings decreased. Most labour indicators were affected adversely by the crisis, and some have yet to return to pre-crisis levels. Most poverty and inequality indicators fell over the period.

Suggested Citation

  • Cruces Guillermo & Fields Gary S. & Jaume David & Viollaz Mariana, 2015. "The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s: El Salvador country study," WIDER Working Paper Series 077, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-077
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    File URL: https://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/wp2015-077.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rubio, Silvia & Valencia, Astrid, 2010. "Regulación y políticas activas del mercado de trabajo y esquemas de protección a trabajadores y desempleados en El Salvador," Documentos de Proyectos 2986, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. Luis René Cáceres & Nolvia Nery Saca, 2006. "What Do Remittances Do? Analyzing the Private Remittance Transmission Mechanism in El Salvador," IMF Working Papers 06/250, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Azevedo, Joao Pedro & Inchauste, Gabriela & Sanfelice, Viviane, 2013. "Decomposing the recent inequality decline in Latin America," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6715, The World Bank.
    4. repec:ecr:col016:2986 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Gary Fields, 2012. "Challenges and policy lessons for the growth-employment-poverty nexus in developing countries," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 1(1), pages 1-24, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Guillermo Cruces & Gary Fields & David Jaume & Mariana Viollaz, 2015. "The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s: Cross-country analysis," WIDER Working Paper Series 110, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic growth; Income distribution; Labor market; Poverty; Public welfare;

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