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Modeling fuel choice among households in northern Cameroon

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  • Nlom, Jean Hugues
  • Karimov, Aziz

Abstract

The present study aims to explore economic and socio-demographic factors that influence the household’s probability to switch from firewood to clean fuels in northern Cameroon. The paper employs an ordered probit model to construct cooking patterns and fuel choices. Three main cooking sources are considered, such as firewood, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. Utilized data come from the national survey conducted in 2004 by Cameroonian National Institute of Statistics. The study analyzes the data related to the Sudano-Sahelian agroecological zone which is one of the most affected by land degradation and desertification. Results indicate that transition from traditional to clean and efficient fuels are still at an initial stage in the studied region. The research shows that income, firewood, and kerosene prices, age of household heads, their educational level and willingness to have a gas cylinder, as well as type of dwelling have a significant impact on fuel switching. The study recommends that government policy should be in the direction of providing targeted social transfer programs rather than supporting fuel subsidies. A necessary attention is also needed in terms of educating people towards adoption of clean fuels in rural areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Nlom, Jean Hugues & Karimov, Aziz, 2014. "Modeling fuel choice among households in northern Cameroon," WIDER Working Paper Series 038, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2014-038
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mohammad Z. Hasan & Ronald A. Ratti, 2015. "Coal Sector Returns and Oil Prices: Developed and Emerging Countries," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 515-524.
    2. repec:ove:journl:aid:11341 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Christophe Muller & Huijie Yan, 2016. "Household Fuel Use in Developing Countries: Review of Theory and Evidence," Working Papers halshs-01290714, HAL.
    4. Abubakar Hamid Danlami & Rabiul Islam & Shri Dewi Applanaidu, 2015. "An Analysis of the Determinants of Households’ Energy Choice: A Search for Conceptual Framework," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(1), pages 197-205.
    5. Malla, Sunil & Timilsina, Govinda R, 2014. "Household cooking fuel choice and adoption of improved cookstoves in developing countries : a review," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6903, The World Bank.
    6. Wisdom Akpalu & Channing Arndt & Innocent Matshe, 2015. "Introduction to the Special Issue on the Economics of Climate Change Impacts on Developing Countries: Selected Studies on Sub-Saharan Africa and South-East Asia," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(9), pages 1-5, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cameroon; firewood; clean fuels; ordered probit model;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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