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'Successful' Development Models in the MENA Region


  • Drine, Imed


This paper provides a synthesis of the country cases in the Middle East and North Africa: Oman, Bahrain, Tunisia, and the United Arab Emirates. Although these countries differ in terms of resource endowments and economic evolution, they share common aspects of successful development. This chapter focuses on the developmental role played by good management of oil incomes, social cohesion, equitable distribution of oil resources, and political stability in Bahrain, Oman, and UAE, and human capital and trade openness in Tunisia. The chapter also discusses the major challenges faced by these countries, including particularly the need for political reforms, in order to achieve a higher and sustainable economic development. Finally, it draws some lessons for development.

Suggested Citation

  • Drine, Imed, 2012. "'Successful' Development Models in the MENA Region," WIDER Working Paper Series 052, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2012-052

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Looney, Robert, 2009. "The Omani and Bahraini Paths to Development: Rare and Contrasting Oil-based Economic Success Stories," WIDER Working Paper Series 038, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Baliamoune-Lutz, Mina, 2009. "Tunisia's Development Experience: A Success Story?," WIDER Working Paper Series 032, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    3. Nyarko, Yaw, 2010. "The United Arab Emirates: Some Lessons in Economic Development," WIDER Working Paper Series 011, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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