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The Excluded Poor: How Targeting Has Left out the Poor in Peripheral Cities in the Philippines


  • Canares, Michael P.


Constrained by resource limitations and challenged by the increasing incidence ofpoverty in the country, the Philippine government embarked on an anti-povertyprogramme that sought to identify where the poorest people were, what were theirspecific needs, and how government and other stakeholders (e.g., non-governmentorganizations, international development agencies, and the private sector) shouldrespond to their pressing concerns. Despite deficiencies in methodology, povertystatistics in the Philippines have recently become not only as the means of identifyingthe most deprived regions or provinces, but also as a weather vane that points to whereresources and efforts need to be directed and how these are to be spent.This paper scrutinizes the gains of this approach with particular reference to the urbanpoor in two cities: Butuan, the capital city of Agusan del Norte, once home to the largestlogging operations in Mindanao, and Tagbilaran, the capital of the tourist province ofBohol

Suggested Citation

  • Canares, Michael P., 2010. "The Excluded Poor: How Targeting Has Left out the Poor in Peripheral Cities in the Philippines," WIDER Working Paper Series 061, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2010-61

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Martin Ravallion & Shaohua Chen & Prem Sangraula, 2007. "New Evidence on the Urbanization of Global Poverty," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 33(4), pages 667-701.
    2. Philip Amis & Ursula Grant, 2001. "Urban economic growth, civic engagement and poverty reduction," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(7), pages 997-1002.
    3. Caterina Ruggeri Laderchi & Ruhi Saith & Frances Stewart, 2003. "Does it Matter that we do not Agree on the Definition of Poverty? A Comparison of Four Approaches," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3), pages 243-274.
    4. Hal Hill & Budy P. Resosudarmo, 2012. "Introduction," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(2), pages 129-142, August.
    5. Thomas Pogge, 2008. "Where the Line is Drawn. A Rejoinder to Ravallion," One Pager 69, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    6. del Prado, Fatima & Acejo, Iris L. & Remolino, Darlyne, 2004. "Tourism Fuels an Emerging City: The Case of Tagbilaran City, Bohol," Discussion Papers DP 2004-53, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    7. Haddad, Lawrence & Ruel, Marie T. & Garrett, James L., 1999. "Are Urban Poverty and Undernutrition Growing? Some Newly Assembled Evidence," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(11), pages 1891-1904, November.
    8. Balisacan, Arsenio M. & Fuwa, Nobuhiko, 2004. "Changes in Spatial Income Inequality in the Philippines: An Exploratory Analysis," WIDER Working Paper Series 034, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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    urban poverty; poverty targeting; Philippine cities;

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