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Educational Opportunities and the Role of Institutions

  • Ammermüller Andreas

    (ROA rm)

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    Educational opportunities determine the intergenerational mobility of human capital and are affected by institutional features of schooling systems. The aim of this paper is twofold. It intends to show how strongly student performance depends on student background as well as to explain cross-country differences in educational opportunities by decisive features of educational systems. For the latter, a two-step approach is combined with a difference-in-differences estimation in order to control for country-specific effects. The results show that educational opportunities decrease with student age in most countries. However, the attitude of parents seems to become more important while social origin becomes less important. Institutions are linked to educational opportunities. It can be shown that the institutional features of the schooling system as indicated by streaming and private schools, instruction time and school autonomy are related to different dimensions of educational opportunities.

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    File URL: http://digitalarchive.maastrichtuniversity.nl/fedora/objects/guid:1e028e4f-ff63-4f12-80d6-b90f79c1d5f0/datastreams/ASSET1/content
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    Paper provided by Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA) in its series ROA Research Memorandum with number 004.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:unm:umaror:2005004
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    1. Ammermüller, Andreas & Heijke, Hans & Wößmann, Ludger, 2003. "Schooling Quality in Eastern Europe: Educational Production During Transition," Kiel Working Papers 1154, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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    11. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2005. "Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences-in-Differences Evidence across Countries," CESifo Working Paper Series 1415, CESifo Group Munich.
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    14. Eric A. Hanushek, 2003. "The Failure of Input-Based Schooling Policies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(485), pages F64-F98, February.
    15. Neal, Derek, 1997. "The Effects of Catholic Secondary Schooling on Educational Achievement," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(1), pages 98-123, January.
    16. Caroline M. Hoxby, 2000. "The Effects of Class Size on Student Achievement: New Evidence from Population Variation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(4), pages 1239-1285.
    17. Vandenberghe, V. & Robin, S., 2004. "Evaluating the effectiveness of private education across countries: a comparison of methods," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 487-506, August.
    18. Betts, Julian R, 2001. "The Impact of School Resources on Women's Earnings and Educational Attainment: Findings from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(3), pages 635-57, July.
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