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Measuring network proximity of regions in R&D networks

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  • Iris Wanzenböck

Abstract

This paper proposes a new measure for assessing the network proximity between aggregated units, based on disaggregated information on the network distance of actors. Specific focus is on R&D network structures between regions. We introduce a weighted version of the proximity measure, related to the idea that direct and indirect linkages carry different types of knowledge. Here, first-order proximity arising from direct cross-regional linkages is to be distinguished from higher-order network proximity resulting from indirect linkages in the R&D network. We use an macroeconomic application where we analyse the productivity effects of R&D network spillovers across regions to illustrate the usefulness of a proximity measure specifically developed for aggregated units.

Suggested Citation

  • Iris Wanzenböck, 2016. "Measuring network proximity of regions in R&D networks," Innovation Studies Utrecht (ISU) working paper series 16-03, Utrecht University, Department of Innovation Studies, revised Nov 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:uis:wpaper:1603
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    Keywords

    network proximity; aggregated networks; first-order proximity; higher-order proximity; R&D networks; knowledge spillovers;
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