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Systemic policy for offshore wind challenges in Europe


  • Wieczorek


  • Robert Harmsen
  • Gaston Heimeriks
  • Simona Negro
  • Marko Hekkert


This paper discusses systemic problems hindering the large-scale European diffusion of offshore wind technology using the Technological Innovation System perspective. The most urgent identified problems include: cost of technology, lack of common vision on grid improvement, fragmented European electricity market, reliability and availability of technology, limited grid access and capacity as well as serious deficiency of high and middle level personnel. To address the problems the paper proposes a systemic policy package composed of such elements as: Innovation Zones, Expert Mobility Programme and Grid Initiative. The paper argues that a European coordinated action is beneficial not only for EU but also for its Member States.

Suggested Citation

  • Wieczorek & Robert Harmsen & Gaston Heimeriks & Simona Negro & Marko Hekkert, 2012. "Systemic policy for offshore wind challenges in Europe," Innovation Studies Utrecht (ISU) working paper series 12-05, Utrecht University, Department of Innovation Studies, revised Dec 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:uis:wpaper:1205

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Negro, Simona O. & Hekkert, Marko P. & Smits, Ruud E., 2007. "Explaining the failure of the Dutch innovation system for biomass digestion--A functional analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 925-938, February.
    2. Chaminade, Cristina & Edquist, Charles, 2006. "Rationales for public policy intervention from a systems of innovation approach: the case of VINNOVA," Papers in Innovation Studies 2006/4, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
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