Children's Working Hours, School Enrolment and Human Capital Accumulation: Evidence from Pakistan and Nicaragua
We analyse the determinants of school attendance and hours worked by children in Pakistan and Nicaragua. On the basis of a theoretical model of children's labour supply, we simultaneously estimate the school attendance decision and the hours worked by Full Model Maximum Likelihood. We analyse the marginal effects of explanatory variables conditioning on the "latent" status of children in terms of schooling and work. We show that these effects are rather different, and discuss the policy implication of this finding. Finally, we use our predicted hours of work to analyse the effects of work on children's school achievements.
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- Heady, Christopher, 2003. "The Effect of Child Labor on Learning Achievement," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 385-398, February.
- Vincenzo Atella & Furio Camillo Rosati, 2000.
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Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 13(2), pages 263-278.
- Atella, Vincenzo & Rosati, Furio Camillo, 1999. "Uncertainty about children's survival and fertility : a test using Indian microdata," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 21334, The World Bank.
- Grossman, Michael, 1982. "The demand for health after a decade," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 1-3, May.
- Ray, Ranjan, 2000. "Child Labor, Child Schooling, and Their Interaction with Adult Labor: Empirical Evidence for Peru and Pakistan," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(2), pages 347-367, May. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)