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Children's Working Hours, School Enrolment and Human Capital Accumulation: Evidence from Pakistan and Nicaragua

We analyse the determinants of school attendance and hours worked by children in Pakistan and Nicaragua. On the basis of a theoretical model of children's labour supply, we simultaneously estimate the school attendance decision and the hours worked by Full Model Maximum Likelihood. We analyse the marginal effects of explanatory variables conditioning on the "latent" status of children in terms of schooling and work. We show that these effects are rather different, and discuss the policy implication of this finding. Finally, we use our predicted hours of work to analyse the effects of work on children's school achievements.

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Paper provided by Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) in its series UCW Working Paper with number 8.

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Date of creation: Oct 2001
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Handle: RePEc:ucw:worpap:8
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  1. Grossman, Michael, 1982. "The demand for health after a decade," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 1-3, May.
  2. Heady, Christopher, 2003. "The Effect of Child Labor on Learning Achievement," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 385-398, February.
  3. Atella, Vincenzo & Rosati, Furio Camillo, 1999. "Uncertainty about children's survival and fertility : a test using Indian microdata," Social Protection Discussion Papers 21334, The World Bank.
  4. Ray, Ranjan, 2000. "Child Labor, Child Schooling, and Their Interaction with Adult Labor: Empirical Evidence for Peru and Pakistan," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(2), pages 347-67, May.
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