Industrial structure and child labour. Evidence from Brazil
In this paper we investigate whether the differential evolution of child work across Brazilian states between 1980 and 2000 can be explained by their different patterns of specialization in industries where children have a comparative advantage. We find that the adoption of different industries mixes by different states accounts for 20% to 30% of the observed variation in child labor in rural areas while we find little or no effect in urban areas.
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