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Child labour as a response to shocks: evidence from Cambodian villages

  • L. Guarcello
  • I. Kovrova
  • F. C. Rosati

The paper analyzes the effect of different shocks on household decisions concerning children’s involvement in work and school in rural Cambodia. We assess the differential impact of three different types of shocks using propensity score matching and double difference estimates extended to the case of multiple treatments. The findings indicate that household responses to shocks depend considerably on the specific type of shock encounterered. Of the three shocks considered, crop failure is the most damaging in terms of school attendance and child labour in the Cambodian context. Droughts appear far less relevant, while flooding does not seem to have any significant impact on children’s work and school attendance. The findings argue for the targeting of risk management policies to the specific types of shocks most damaging to children.

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Paper provided by Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) in its series UCW Working Paper with number 37.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ucw:worpap:37
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  1. Duryea, Suzanne & Lam, David & Levison, Deborah, 2007. "Effects of economic shocks on children's employment and schooling in Brazil," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 188-214, September.
  2. Cigno, Alessandro & Rosati, Furio C. & Tzannatos, Zafiris, 2002. "Child labor handbook," Social Protection Discussion Papers 25507, The World Bank.
  3. Avinash K. Dixit & Robert S. Pindyck, 1994. "Investment under Uncertainty," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 5474, March.
  4. Iyer, Sriya & Velu, Chander, 2006. "Real options and demographic decisions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 39-58, June.
  5. Rubiana Chamarbagwala, 2004. "Returns to Education, Child Labor, & Schooling in India," Development and Comp Systems 0410003, EconWPA.
  6. Brown, Philip H, 2006. "Parental Education and Investment in Children's Human Capital in Rural China," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(4), pages 759-89, July.
  7. Pierre Cahuc & André Zylberberg, 2004. "Labor Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026203316x, June.
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