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Local labor demand and child labor

Listed author(s):
  • M. Manacorda
  • F. C. Rosati

This paper uses micro data from the Brazilian PNAD between 1981 and 2002 to ascertain the role that local labor demand – proxied by male adult employment in the area of residence - plays in shaping the work and schooling decisions of children aged 10-15. Contrary to the widespread view that child labor is procyclical, we find evidence that employment (schooling) falls (increases) among young children (aged 10-12) when local labor demand is stronger. This result is consistent with the view that children's work is to a large extent the result of poverty, and that parents want to protect their children from child labor and do so if offered the opportunity.

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Paper provided by Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) in its series UCW Working Paper with number 34.

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Date of creation: Mar 2007
Handle: RePEc:ucw:worpap:34
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