Orphanhood and child vulnerability - Cote d'Ivoire
A large proportion of Ivorian children must grow up in the absence of one or both birth parents. In all, 13 percent of children aged 0-14 years of age are orphans, the second highest orphan rate in the West Africa region. There is also a large group of children, accounting for about 15 percent of total 5-14 year-olds, who are fostered, i.e., children who are not orphans but nonetheless live in a separate household from their parents. This Country Brief explores the effects of orphanhood and fostering on child vulnerability. Evidence is presented indicating that orphanhood increases child vulnerability on two fronts: it makes it much more likely that a child is denied schooling and much more likely that a child is exposed to the dangers of work. The death of one parent makes it five percentage points more likely that a child works full-time in economic activity and seven percentage points less likely that a child attends school full-time. Becoming a foster child has an even stronger effect on child vulnerability, making it nine percentage points less likely that a child attends school and almost seven percentage points more likely that he or she works full-time, underscoring the fact that this group also merits policy attention.
|Date of creation:||Sep 2004|
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