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Tax Incentives for Foreign Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean: Do They Need to be Harmonized?


  • Richard M. Bird

    () (International Tax Program, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto)


The issue of harmonizing tax incentives in the various regional economic groupings that exist in the Latin America and Caribbean region has recently again come under discussion. My aim in this paper is essentially to sketch a framework within which countries contemplating this issue may approach it in a way that may both reduce the ‘harm’ that might otherwise occur and also foster more judicious and reasoned consideration of the inevitable trade-offs facing them. To set the stage, I first outline the changing views of tax incentives over the last half-century and consider briefly some aspects of the tax incentives now in place in the region. Following a brief discussion about whether tax competition is bad, good, or simply inevitable, I conclude by outlining a general institutional framework within which economic groupings in the region may best deal with the issue of harmonizing tax incentives for foreign investment.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard M. Bird, 2006. "Tax Incentives for Foreign Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean: Do They Need to be Harmonized?," International Tax Program Papers 0601, International Tax Program, Institute for International Business, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto.
  • Handle: RePEc:ttp:itpwps:0601

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:udc:esteco:v:44:y:2017:i:2:p:5-30 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Adams, Laurel & Régibeau, Pierre & Rockett, Katharine, 2014. "Incentives to create jobs: Regional subsidies, national trade policy and foreign direct investment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 102-119.

    More about this item


    Latin America; Caribbean; tax incentives; policy harmonization; economic unions;

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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