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Impact of Liquidity on the Futures–Cash Basis: Evidence from the Indian Market


  • Palani-Rajan Kadapakkam

    (The University of Texas at San Antonio)

  • Umesh Kumar

    (The University of Texas at San Antonio)


The law of one price relies on enforcement by arbitragers who are expected to eliminate price differentials quickly. Arbitragers’ activities are constrained by liquidity of markets. However, large price differentials attract arbitrage activity enhancing the liquidity of markets. Using daily data on the NYSE index and related futures contracts, Roll, Schwartz, and Subrahmanyam (2007) document two-way Granger causality between the futures-cash basis and bid-ask spreads for stocks. We examine the issue using intra-day data on Indian single stock futures (SSF) contracts on Indian stocks and also consider the spread on the futures contracts. While the spreads in both the futures and cash markets affect futures-cash basis, we find that the futures-cash basis Granger-causes only the bid-ask spreads for SSFs but not the stocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Palani-Rajan Kadapakkam & Umesh Kumar, 2009. "Impact of Liquidity on the Futures–Cash Basis: Evidence from the Indian Market," Working Papers 0094, College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio.
  • Handle: RePEc:tsa:wpaper:0094

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    More about this item


    Futures-cash basis; Single stock futures; Indian stocks.;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing


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