Cultural Differences in Response to Social Exclusion Two experiments tested the hypothesis that subtly different types of social exclusion (being ignored vs. being rejected) produce very different consumer responses and these responses are moderated by cultural orientations. For people from individualistic cultures, inducing feelings of being ignored produced a greater preference for conspicuous consumption than did being rejected, whereas being rejected produced a greater preference for helping behavior than did being ignored. However, these findings were reversed when it comes to people from collectivistic cultures. For them, feelings of being ignored produced a greater preference for helping behavior than did being rejected, whereas feelings of being rejected produced a greater preference for conspicuous consumption than did being ignored
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- Katherine E. Loveland & Dirk Smeesters & Naomi Mandel, 2010. "Still Preoccupied with 1995: The Need to Belong and Preference for Nostalgic Products," Journal of Consumer Research, University of Chicago Press, vol. 37(3), pages 393-408, October.
- Schouten, John W, 1991. " Selves in Transition: Symbolic Consumption in Personal Rites of Passage and Identity Reconstruction," Journal of Consumer Research, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages 412-25, March.
- Muniz, Albert M, Jr & O'Guinn, Thomas C, 2001. " Brand Community," Journal of Consumer Research, University of Chicago Press, vol. 27(4), pages 412-32, March.
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