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IDE chinois et croissance économique des pays d'Afrique sub-saharienne : approche par la MMG en données de panel

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  • Fred EKA

Abstract

L’objectif de ce papier est de déterminer l’incidence des flux d’investissement chinois sur le taux de croissance des 49 pays d’ASS sur la période allant de 2003 à 2017. Pour cela, nous avons essayé d’expliquer la dynamique des IDE chinois en ASS en utilisant dans notre modélisation des techniques d’estimation sur données de panel (estimations statique et dynamique). Ces techniques notamment les panels dynamiques permettent de mieux apprécier la nature de la relation entre les variables étudiées. Les résultats montrent que l’IDE chinois a un effet positif mais très faible sur le taux de croissance économique des pays d’ASS car il est très orienté vers les secteurs d’extraction des matières premières (mines, bois et mines…) qui créent moins d’emploi local et ne permettent pas de vrai transfert de technologie, malgré la création de quelques co-entreprises et joint-ventures entre les entreprises chinoises et firmes locales des pays africains.

Suggested Citation

  • Fred EKA, 2019. "IDE chinois et croissance économique des pays d'Afrique sub-saharienne : approche par la MMG en données de panel," Working Papers 2018-2019_6, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Feb 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:tac:wpaper:2018-2019_6
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    Keywords

    IDE chinois; PIB par tête; Afrique sub-saharienne; données de panel; MMG;
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