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Le retour des migrants marocains dans leur pays d'origine, quand ? Dans quelles circonstances ?

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  • Jamal BOUOIYOUR
  • Amal MIFTAH

Abstract

Le but de cet article est d’identifier les causes du retour des migrants marocains à leur pays. Pour cela, nous utilisons une base de données originale. Il s’agit d’une enquête réalisée en 2007 auprès de la communauté marocaine installée en France. L’enquête a été effectuée dans les principaux bureaux de poste de l’hexagone. Nous testons l’impact de chacune de nos variables explicatives sur la probabilité de retour à l’aide d’un modèle Probit. Les résultats montrent que le migrant type qui envisage retourner au pays est soit un jeune homme vivant seul (célibataire ou divorcé), n’ayant pas dépassé le niveau bac, appartenant à un ménage modeste (revenu entre1500 et 2000€), envoyant de l’argent régulièrement au Maroc pour sa famille et pour financer un projet, ayant accumulé de l’argent durant plusieurs années et enfin possédant une maison au Maroc (ou envisage de la construire). Soit un étudiant. This study aims to identify the causes of return migrations of Moroccan migrants to their home country, using an original database of migrants in France. The survey data were collected in the main post offices of Ile-de-France (metropolitan area) and Province. Using a probit model, the results show that migrants have a higher propensity to return to their home country if they are single (or divorced), young men who earn modest incomes (1500 –2000 €) and have attained less than the baccalaureate level of education. Other key factors are their decisions to send money regularly to their family living in Morocco and their accumulation of money in the host country from previous investments, as well as their status as a student.

Suggested Citation

  • Jamal BOUOIYOUR & Amal MIFTAH, 2012. "Le retour des migrants marocains dans leur pays d'origine, quand ? Dans quelles circonstances ?," Working Papers 2012-2013_1, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Aug 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:tac:wpaper:2012-2013_1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Remittances; Return migration; Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation; Morocco;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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