IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/tac/wpaper/2012-2013_1.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Le retour des migrants marocains dans leur pays d'origine, quand ? Dans quelles circonstances ?

Author

Listed:
  • Jamal BOUOIYOUR
  • Amal MIFTAH

Abstract

Le but de cet article est d’identifier les causes du retour des migrants marocains à leur pays. Pour cela, nous utilisons une base de données originale. Il s’agit d’une enquête réalisée en 2007 auprès de la communauté marocaine installée en France. L’enquête a été effectuée dans les principaux bureaux de poste de l’hexagone. Nous testons l’impact de chacune de nos variables explicatives sur la probabilité de retour à l’aide d’un modèle Probit. Les résultats montrent que le migrant type qui envisage retourner au pays est soit un jeune homme vivant seul (célibataire ou divorcé), n’ayant pas dépassé le niveau bac, appartenant à un ménage modeste (revenu entre1500 et 2000€), envoyant de l’argent régulièrement au Maroc pour sa famille et pour financer un projet, ayant accumulé de l’argent durant plusieurs années et enfin possédant une maison au Maroc (ou envisage de la construire). Soit un étudiant. This study aims to identify the causes of return migrations of Moroccan migrants to their home country, using an original database of migrants in France. The survey data were collected in the main post offices of Ile-de-France (metropolitan area) and Province. Using a probit model, the results show that migrants have a higher propensity to return to their home country if they are single (or divorced), young men who earn modest incomes (1500 –2000 €) and have attained less than the baccalaureate level of education. Other key factors are their decisions to send money regularly to their family living in Morocco and their accumulation of money in the host country from previous investments, as well as their status as a student.

Suggested Citation

  • Jamal BOUOIYOUR & Amal MIFTAH, 2012. "Le retour des migrants marocains dans leur pays d'origine, quand ? Dans quelles circonstances ?," Working Papers 2012-2013_1, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Aug 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:tac:wpaper:2012-2013_1
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://gtl.univ-pau.fr/travaux/839F_119470_2012_2013_1DocWcattLe_retour_des_migrants_marocains_JBouoiyour_AMiftah_version3.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. I-Ling Shen & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2010. "Remittances and inequality: a dynamic migration model," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 8(2), pages 197-220, June.
    2. Adams, Richard Jr. & Page, John, 2005. "Do international migration and remittances reduce poverty in developing countries?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 1645-1669, October.
    3. Riccardo Faini, 2002. "Développement, commerce international et migrations," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 10(1), pages 85-116.
    4. Manon Domingues Dos Santos & François-Charles Wolff, 2010. "Pourquoi les immigrés portugais veulent-ils tant retourner au pays ?," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(4), pages 1-14.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/10767 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. de la Briere, Benedicte & de Janvry, Alain & Lambert, Sylvie & Sadoulet, Elisabeth, 1997. "Why do migrants remit?," FCND discussion papers 37, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    7. Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe, 2004. "A Theory of Workers' Remittances with An Application to Morocco," IMF Working Papers 04/194, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Galor, Oded & Stark, Oded, 1991. "The probability of return migration, migrants' work effort, and migrants' performance," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 399-405, April.
    9. Lucas, Robert E B & Stark, Oded, 1985. "Motivations to Remit: Evidence from Botswana," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 901-918, October.
    10. Luis Miotti & El Mouhoub Mouhoud & Joel Oudinet, 2009. "Migrations And Determinants Of Remittances To Southern Mediterranean Countries: When History Matters !," Post-Print hal-00483303, HAL.
    11. Rivers, Douglas & Vuong, Quang H., 1988. "Limited information estimators and exogeneity tests for simultaneous probit models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 347-366, November.
    12. Alice Mesnard, 2004. "Temporary migration and capital market imperfections," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 56(2), pages 242-262, April.
    13. Jorge Durand & William Kandel & Emilio Parrado & Douglas Massey, 1996. "International migration and development in mexican communities," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 33(2), pages 249-264, May.
    14. Manon Domingues Dos Santos & Fabien Postel-Vinay, 2003. "Migration as a source of growth: The perspective of a developing country," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(1), pages 161-175, February.
    15. Poirine, Bernard, 1997. "A theory of remittances as an implicit family loan arrangement," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 589-611, January.
    16. Mansuri, Ghazala, 2006. "Migration, school attainment, and child labor : evidence from rural Pakistan," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3945, The World Bank.
    17. Aggarwal, Reena & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Martinez Peria, Maria Soledad, 2006. "Do workers'remittances promote financial development ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3957, The World Bank.
    18. Christian Dustmann, 2003. "Children and return migration," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(4), pages 815-830, November.
    19. Bouoiyour, jamal, 2006. "Migration, Diaspora et développement humain
      [Migration, Diaspora and Human Development]
      ," MPRA Paper 37014, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Richard Black & Adriana Castaldo, 2009. "Return Migration And Entrepreneurship In Ghana And Côte D'Ivoire: The Role Of Capital Transfers," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 100(1), pages 44-58, February.
    21. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Susan Pozo, 2006. "Remittances as insurance: evidence from Mexican immigrants," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 19(2), pages 227-254, June.
    22. Manon Domingues Dos Santos, 2005. "Travailleurs maghrébins et portugais en France. Le poids de l'origine," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(2), pages 447-464.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Remittances; Return migration; Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation; Morocco;

    JEL classification:

    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:tac:wpaper:2012-2013_1. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Anne Perrin). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/capaufr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.