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La Macroéconomie des PSEM : état des lieux et relations avec l’Union Européenne

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  • Serge REY

Abstract

Pour la période 1970-2010, on examine la situation macroéconomique et financière des PSEM, et on la compare notamment avec celle des pays de l'UE. Dans l'ensemble les performances macroéconomiques des PSEM paraissent plutôt bonnes. L'inflation est maîtrisée, la croissance économique est au rendez-vous, même si elle est en deçà de celle des grands pays émergents, les déficits publics et les dettes sont contenus. De ce point de vue, le bilan économique est positif et on ne saurait y trouver les racines des troubles politiques récents. Néanmoins, si on y regarde de plus près un indicateur économique pose problème, c'est le chômage. Ces pays ont en commun une population jeune, et souvent éduquée, qui peine à trouver un emploi. Avec des taux de chômage des jeunes autour de 20%, voire 30% pour la Tunisie et 40% pour l'Algérie, les "bons chiffres" de l'inflation et des finances publiques ne pourront faire longtemps illusion.

Suggested Citation

  • Serge REY, 2011. "La Macroéconomie des PSEM : état des lieux et relations avec l’Union Européenne," Working Papers 2011-2012_3, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Dec 2011.
  • Handle: RePEc:tac:wpaper:2011-2012_3
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    File URL: http://gtl.univ-pau.fr/travaux/85F_2011_2012_3DocWLa_Macroeconomie_des_PSEM_SRey.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Abu-Qarn, Aamer S. & Abu-Bader, Suleiman, 2007. "Sources of Growth Revisited: Evidence from Selected MENA Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 752-771, May.
    2. Francisco Serranito, 2010. "Rattrapage technologique et convergence : un test par les séries temporelles dans le cas des pays de la région MENA," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 18(2), pages 5-45.
    3. Chami Ralph & Hakura Dalia S. & Montiel Peter J., 2012. "Do Worker Remittances Reduce Output Volatility in Developing Countries?," Journal of Globalization and Development, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-25, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    PSEM; macroéconomie; chômage; inflation; finances publiques;

    JEL classification:

    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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