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Pertinence de la dévaluation du Franc CFA de janvier 1994 : une évaluation par le taux de change réel d'équilibre. Cas de l'économie camerounaise

Author

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  • Jamal BOUOIYOUR
  • Oscar KUIKEU

Abstract

A partir d’une estimation, du degré de distorsion du taux de change réel de l’économie camerounaise, sur la période 1980 – 2001 en données annuelles, nous jugerons de la pertinence de la décision du 11 janvier 1994, de dévaluer de 50% le Franc CFA (Fcfa) par rapport au Franc Français (FF). Nos résultats semblent confirmer l’idée aujourd’hui bien établie dans la littérature, d’un Fcfa globalement surévalué au cours de la période ayant précédée l’ajustement monétaire. In this paper, we estimate, over the period 1980 – 2001, in annual data, the size of distortion (misalignment), of Cameroon’s real exchange rate. This, in the goal to judge relevance of the decision of January 11, 1994, to devaluate of 50% Franc CFA (Fcfa) compared to the French franc (FF). Our results seem to confirm the idea established well today in the literature, of Fcfa overall overvalued during the period having preceded the devaluation.

Suggested Citation

  • Jamal BOUOIYOUR & Oscar KUIKEU, 2012. "Pertinence de la dévaluation du Franc CFA de janvier 1994 : une évaluation par le taux de change réel d'équilibre. Cas de l'économie camerounaise," Working Papers 2011-2012_11, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Jul 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:tac:wpaper:2011-2012_11
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    File URL: http://gtl.univ-pau.fr/travaux/838F_115350_2011_2012_11DocWcattDevaluationFrancCFAetTauxChangeReel_Cameroun_JBouoiyour_OKuikeu.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fcfa; Equilibrium real exchange rate; Cointegration structural break;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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