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Avantages comparatifs et distance, le cas de l'île de la Réunion

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  • Fabien CANDAU
  • Serge REY
  • Jean-François HOARAU

Abstract

Nous proposons dans cet article une analyse du commerce de l'Ile de la Réunion à un niveau de détail inédit (HS6) sur la période longue 1989-2007. Les indicateurs d'intensité géographique, d'avantages comparatifs et d'ouverture indiquent que la La Réunion a diversifié ses partenaires commerciaux sur la période récente, que les liens économiques régionaux qui l'unissent à la France sont toujours forts, malgré des coûts commerciaux élevés. Cette relation régionale forte est révélée par une équation de gravité qui met en exergue la significativité des liens coloniaux passés. De plus, les estimations des équations de gravité pour les exportations et les importations par la méthode PPML (Poisson Pseudo-Maximum Likelihood) confirment l'impact négatif de la distance sur les échanges ainsi que les effets positifs des PIB de La Réunion et de ses partenaires.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabien CANDAU & Serge REY & Jean-François HOARAU, 2010. "Avantages comparatifs et distance, le cas de l'île de la Réunion," Working Papers 2010-2011_4, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Nov 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:tac:wpaper:2010-2011_4
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    File URL: http://gtl.univ-pau.fr/travaux/46F_2010_4DocWcattFCandauJFHoarauSRey.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Zoulfikar Mehoumoud Issop, 2016. "Le Syndrome hollandais dans les DOM est-il toujours d'actualité ?," Post-Print hal-01618689, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    La Réunion; avantages comparatifs; spécialisation; équation gravitaire; modèle de panel; méthode PPML; liens coloniaux;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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