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Optimisation of forest road investments and the roundwood supply chain


  • Olsson, Leif


In a pre-study, concerning roundwood freshness, performed by the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden during the spring of 2000, the quality on the forest road network was identified as a major problem for the Swedish forest sector. These problems mostly occur during spring thaw, but also when rains give muddy gravel roads. The Swedish forest company Holmen Skog decided to support the PhD project presented here with harvest and road data from a forest district, and expert knowledge of road investments. Upgrading of forest roads has been studied in a major part of this thesis, with two case studies at a forest district of average size located around Sveg in Härjedalen. Deterministic scenario analysis has been used and compared to a two-stage stochastic model. Cost functions, assortment mixtures and scenarios have been analysed, and results have been evaluated together with the staff at Holmen Skog. These case studies indicate that the problem can swiftly be solved, at least at average size forest districts. In the last paper a model of the roundwood supply chain is developed and tested via a sample problem. The problem is restricted to the supply chain with fixed harvesting and fixed demand at the mills. The considered uncertainty is load-bearing capacity on the road network, which depends on the water content in the road body and the bearing layer quality. In contrast to the road investment which are long-term decisions, this planning problem is short-term, and in our paper between half a year and one year. One difficult part in this model is the estimation of storage costs. This study, therefore, puts forward the need of measurements of storage costs. Otherwise, it is not possible to optimise the roundwood supply chain in a consistent way. Storage costs should, for that reason, be analysed in the future.

Suggested Citation

  • Olsson, Leif, 2004. "Optimisation of forest road investments and the roundwood supply chain," Department of Forest Economics publications 527, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of forest economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sua:sekowp:527

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Richard Bellman, 1957. "On a Dynamic Programming Approach to the Caterer Problem--I," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 3(3), pages 270-278, April.
    2. Andres Weintraub, 1974. "A Primal Algorithm to Solve Network Flow Problems with Convex Costs," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 21(1), pages 87-97, September.
    3. Andres Weintraub & Daniel Navon, 1976. "A Forest Management Planning Model Integrating Silvicultural and Transportation Activities," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 22(12), pages 1299-1309, August.
    4. Stein W. Wallace & Stein-Erik Fleten, 2002. "Stochastic programming in energy," GE, Growth, Math methods 0201001, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 13 Nov 2003.
    5. Martell, David L. & Gunn, Eldon A. & Weintraub, Andres, 1998. "Forest management challenges for operational researchers," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 104(1), pages 1-17, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stergios Tampekis & Fani Samara & Stavros Sakellariou & Athanasios Sfougaris & Olga Christopoulou, 2015. "The forest roads? Environmental Suitability based on the Multi Criteria Evaluation (MCE) Method and the contribution to the sustainable development," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 2604211, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.

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