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Green consumption taxes on meat in Sweden


  • Säll, Sarah
  • Gren, Ing-Marie


This paper designs and evaluates the environmental impacts of a tax on meat consumption in Sweden which reflects environmental damage at the margin. Three meat products are included, cattle, chicken and pork, and three pollutants generating environmental damages; green house gases, nitrogen, and phosphorus. The calculated unit taxes on meat products correspond to 28%, 26%, and 40% of the price per kg of beef, pork, and poultry in 2009. Consumer responses to the taxes are calculated by means of econometric estimates of a linear demand system of the meat products. The results indicate relatively high own price and income elasticities of the meat products and complementarity in consumption. A simultaneous introduction of taxes on all three meat products can decrease emission of GHG, nitrogen, phosphorus and ammonia by at least 27%. If only one meat product can be taxed, a tax on pork meat gives the largest reductions in emission of all pollutants, which to a large extent is explained by the high complementarity in consumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Säll, Sarah & Gren, Ing-Marie, 2012. "Green consumption taxes on meat in Sweden," Department of Economics publications 9294, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sua:ekonwp:9294

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nordström, Jonas & Thunström, Linda, 2009. "The impact of tax reforms designed to encourage healthier grain consumption," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 622-634, May.
    2. Elofsson, Katarina, 2003. "Cost-effective reductions of stochastic agricultural loads to the Baltic Sea," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 13-31, November.
    3. Nordström, Jonas & Thunström, Linda, 2011. "Can targeted food taxes and subsidies improve the diet? Distributional effects among income groups," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 259-271, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Becchetti, Leonardo & Salustri, Francesco & Pelligra, Vittorio, 2015. "The Impact of Redistribution Mechanisms in the Vote with the Wallet Game: Experimental Results," AICCON Working Papers 143-2015, Associazione Italiana per la Cultura della Cooperazione e del Non Profit.
    2. Chalmers, Neil George & Revoredo-Giha, Cesar & Shackley, Simon, 2014. "How prices affect Scottish household demand for milk products and their low carbon alternatives?," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182965, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Hahn, William F. & Davis, Christopher G., 2014. "Costs of Taxing Sodium: A Lunch Meat Application," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA), vol. 17(A).

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