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Monthly, annual and quarterly frequencies: a comparison of models for tourism in Sardinia and bounded rationality

  • Pulina, M.
  • O'Brien, R.J.

This paper constructs and estimates the demand for international tourism for the Italian Province of Sassari. The sample period under estimation is from 1972 to 1995. Three dynamic models are estimated at monthly, annual and quarterly data frequencies. Similarities and differences are explored amongst the three models, using recently developed econometric techniques. A "pre-modelling" data analysis is undertaken for the economic series of interest. By adopting the LSE "general-to-specific" methodology, dynamic estimations are run. A full range of diagnostic tests is provided. Short and long run income elasticities, negativity and substitutability are tested on the light of economic theory. On balance, evidence is found that the monthly and quarterly models present homogenous results in terms of seasonal and long run unit roots. Annual data show different and perhaps misleading results.

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File URL: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/33378/1/0206.pdf
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Paper provided by Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton in its series Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics with number 0206.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2002
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Handle: RePEc:stn:sotoec:0206
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  1. Hylleberg, S. & Engle, R. F. & Granger, C. W. J. & Yoo, B. S., 1990. "Seasonal integration and cointegration," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 44(1-2), pages 215-238.
  2. Gonzalez, Pilar & Moral, Paz, 1995. "An analysis of the international tourism demand in Spain," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 233-251, June.
  3. Haiyan Song & Peter Romilly & Xiaming Liu, 2000. "An empirical study of outbound tourism demand in the UK," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(5), pages 611-624.
  4. Franses, Philip Hans, 1991. "Seasonality, non-stationarity and the forecasting of monthly time series," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 199-208, August.
  5. M. Thea Sinclair, 1998. "Tourism and economic development: A survey," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(5), pages 1-51.
  6. Osterwald-Lenum, Michael, 1992. "A Note with Quantiles of the Asymptotic Distribution of the Maximum Likelihood Cointegration Rank Test Statistics," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 54(3), pages 461-72, August.
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