Participation in further education and training: how much do gender and race matter?
This paper examines the differences in participation rates in further education and training that persist across Britain's ethnic groups, and between males and females within a given group. A statistical model of choice of post-16 activity is estimated using data on a large sample of 16 year-olds in England and Wales. The analysis shows that a significant part of the gender gap in participation rates in further education is attributable to compositional differences, in particular differences in the distribution of academic attainment levels. However, differences in participation rates between the White majority group and the ethnic minority groups in Great Britain are primarily a result of differences in the behaviour of otherwise identical individuals. Keywords; human capital, further education and training, ethnic groups, gender
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- White, Halbert, 1982. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Misspecified Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 1-25, January.
- Patricia Rice, 1999. "The impact of local labour markets on investment in further education: Evidence from the England and Wales youth cohort studies," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 12(2), pages 287-312.
- Pissarides, Christopher A, 1981. "Staying-on at School in England and Wales," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 48(192), pages 345-63, November.
- Jones, Ian, 1988. "An Evaluation of YTS," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(3), pages 54-71, Autumn.
- Micklewright, John, 1989. "Choice at Sixteen," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 56(221), pages 25-39, February.
- Finegold, David & Soskice, David, 1988. "The Failure of Training in Britain: Analysis and Prescription," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(3), pages 21-53, Autumn.
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