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What factors influence the uptake of GPP (Green Public Procurement) practices? New evidence from an Italian survey


  • Francesco Testa

    () (Istituto di Management - Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa)

  • Fabio Iraldo

    () (Istituto di Management - Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa)

  • Marco Frey

    () (Istituto di Management - Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa)

  • Tiberio Daddi

    () (Istituto di Management - Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa)


Green Public Procurement (GPP) is becoming a cornerstone of environmental policies both at European Union and Member State level. Drawing upon a database of public authorities located in three Italian Regions, this paper assesses the determinants and drawbacks of green procurement adoption. In particular, using an econometrical approach we tested the following propositions: i) the existing awareness on GPP practices, tools and regulations does support public authorities to develop GPP strategies; (ii) the support of external experts in purchasing function does support public authorities to develop GPP practices; (iii) the small dimension of public authority is an obstacle to adopting GPP practices; (iv) ISO 14001 certified public authorities are more likely to develop GPP practices. The econometric analysis shows that the dimension of public authorities and the level of awareness of the existing tools for supporting GPP have a positive and significant effect on the probability that they adopt GPP practices.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesco Testa & Fabio Iraldo & Marco Frey & Tiberio Daddi, 2011. "What factors influence the uptake of GPP (Green Public Procurement) practices? New evidence from an Italian survey," Working Papers 201106, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Pisa, Istituto di Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:sse:wpaper:201106

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nissinen, A. & Parikka-Alhola, K. & Rita, H., 2009. "Environmental criteria in the public purchases above the EU threshold values by three Nordic countries: 2003 and 2005," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(6), pages 1838-1849, April.
    2. Edler, Jakob & Georghiou, Luke, 2007. "Public procurement and innovation--Resurrecting the demand side," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 949-963, September.
    3. Linda W.P. Ho & Nicholas M. Dickinson & Gilbert Y.S. Chan, 2010. "Green procurement in the Asian public sector and the Hong Kong private sector," Natural Resources Forum, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 34(1), pages 24-38, February.
    4. Mathisen, Terje Andreas & Solvoll, Gisle, 2008. "Competitive tendering and structural changes: An example from the bus industry," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 1-11, January.
    5. Parikka-Alhola, Katriina, 2008. "Promoting environmentally sound furniture by green public procurement," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1-2), pages 472-485, December.
    6. Donald Marron, 2004. "Greener Public Purchasing as an Environmental Policy Instrument," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 3(4), pages 71-105.
    7. Mark Hall & David Purchase, 2006. "Building or bodging? Attitudes to sustainability in UK public sector housing construction development," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(3), pages 205-218.
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    Cited by:

    1. Brusselaers, Jan & Van Huylenbroeck, Guido & Buysse, Jeroen, 2017. "Green Public Procurement of Certified Wood: Spatial Leverage Effect and Welfare Implications," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 91-102.
    2. repec:spr:masfgc:v:22:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1007_s11027-015-9695-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Annunziata, Eleonora & Rizzi, Francesco & Frey, Marco, 2014. "Enhancing energy efficiency in public buildings: The role of local energy audit programmes," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 364-373.
    4. repec:spr:gjofsm:v:18:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s40171-017-0158-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Sundström, David, 2016. "A Comparison of Techniques to Evaluate Policies in Public Procurement," Umeå Economic Studies 928, Umeå University, Department of Economics, revised 17 Jun 2016.
    6. Menegaki, Angeliki, N. & Olsen, Søren Bøye & Tsagarakis, Konstantinos P., 2016. "Towards a common standard – A reporting checklist for web-based stated preference valuation surveys and a critique for mode surveys," Journal of choice modelling, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 18-50.
    7. Sofia Lundberg & Per-Olov Marklund & Elon Strömbäck & David Sundström, 2015. "Using public procurement to implement environmental policy: an empirical analysis," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 17(4), pages 487-520, October.
    8. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2017:i:1:p:67-:d:124678 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:spr:endesu:v:19:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1007_s10668-016-9865-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Patrik Hall & Karl Löfgren & Gregory Peters, 2016. "Greening the Street-Level Procurer: Challenges in the Strongly Decentralized Swedish System," Journal of Consumer Policy, Springer, vol. 39(4), pages 467-483, December.
    11. Francesco Testa & Paolo Grappio & Natalia M. Gusmerotti & Fabio Iraldo & Marco Frey, 2016. "Examining green public procurement using content analysis: existing difficulties for procurers and useful recommendations," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 197-219, February.
    12. Mohamad Bohari, Asmah Alia & Skitmore, Martin & Xia, Bo & Teo, Melissa & Zhang, Xiaoling & Adham, Khairul Naim, 2015. "The path towards greening the Malaysian construction industry," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1742-1748.
    13. Strömbäck, Elon, 2015. "Policy by Public Procurement: Opportunities and Pitfalls," Umeå Economic Studies 915, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
    14. Cerutti, Alessandro K. & Contu, Simone & Ardente, Fulvio & Donno, Dario & Beccaro, Gabriele L., 2016. "Carbon footprint in green public procurement: Policy evaluation from a case study in the food sector," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 82-93.

    More about this item


    green public procurement; local authorities; ISO 14001; environment.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
    • M20 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - General
    • K32 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Energy, Environmental, Health, and Safety Law

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