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Le rendement des dépenses électorales en France: Le cas des élections législatives de 1997

Author

Listed:
  • Martial Foucault

    (UM Département des Sciences Politiques)

  • Abel François

    (Laboratoire de recherche en gestion et économie)

Abstract

L’objet de cet article est de déterminer l’influence des dépenses de campagne sur les résultats électoraux en France. À partir d’une étude empirique fondée sur les élections législatives de 1997, nous montrons que les résultats électoraux français sont sensibles aux dépenses électorales engagées par les candidats. En effet, une fois pris en compte le biais d’endogénéité de la dépense du candidat sortant à l’aide de la méthode des doubles moindres carrés, nous montrons que les suffrages d’un député sortant sont positivement influencés par sa dépense, et négativement par la dépense des autres candidats. Ce résultat est à mettre en perspective de la nouvelle réglementation des campagnes électorales visant à réduire les barrières financières à l’entrée du marché politique. Enfin, ce résultat confirme les travaux empiriques menés aux États-Unis sur le rendement positif de l’argent dans le processus électoral.

Suggested Citation

  • Martial Foucault & Abel François, 2005. "Le rendement des dépenses électorales en France: Le cas des élections législatives de 1997," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/fvtnkmt15tl, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/fvtnkmt15tlkfv89pa905292g
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Morris Coats, R. & Dalton, Thomas R., 1992. "Entry barriers in politics and uncontested elections," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 75-90, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yasmine Bekkouche & Julia Cage, 2018. "The Price of a Vote: Evidence from France, 1993-2014," Working Papers Series 68, Institute for New Economic Thinking.
    2. Christine Fauvelle-Aymar & Abel François, 2003. "Campagne électorale, préférences politiques et participation. Une étude empirique sur les élections législatives françaises de 1997," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques j04009, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
    3. Yasmine Bekkouche & Julia Cage, 2019. "The Heterogeneous Price of a Vote: Evidence from France, 1993-2014," Sciences Po publications 2019-09, Sciences Po.
    4. Farvaque, Etienne & Foucault, Martial & Vigeant, Stéphane, 2020. "The politician and the vote factory: Candidates’ resource management skills and electoral returns," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 38-55.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dépenses électorales; Réglementation des campagnes électorales ; Elections législatives de 1997;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior

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