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Etats Unis : sous le poids de l'ajustement budgétaire

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  • Christine Rifflart

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

En ligne avec la moyenne observée depuis le début de la reprise de 2010, la croissance américaine a atteint 2,2 % en 2012. Le rythme de sortie de crise reste inchangé autour de 2 % l’an. Mais le début de l’année 2013 pourrait marquer un tournant. D’un côté, les conditions d’une reprise plus franche sont réunies avec la levée progressive de la contrainte financière pesant sur les ménages depuis le déclenchement de la crise immobilière ; d’un autre côté, l’ajustement budgétaire devrait prendre une dimension plus contraignante en 2013 et 2014. Les engagements déjà pris au sein du Congrès et la crise politique qui bloque l’adoption des choix budgétaires souhaités par les Républicains se traduisent par des coupes brutales dans les dépenses de l’État. Ces coupes pourraient ramener la croissance de l’économie américaine à 1,5 % cette année et 1,7 % en 2014 et conduire à une hausse du taux de chômage autour de 8,3 % fin 2014.

Suggested Citation

  • Christine Rifflart, 2013. "Etats Unis : sous le poids de l'ajustement budgétaire," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2skj65b5
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    Keywords

    Etats Unis; Budget;

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