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Mesurer le bien-être et la soutenabilité

Listed author(s):
  • Eloi Laurent

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Le PIB, comme les indicateurs économiques conventionnels dont il est l’étendard, perd à grande vitesse sa pertinence dans notre début de 21esiècle pour trois raisons fondamentales. Tout d’abord, la croissance économique, si forte dans les décennies d’après-guerre (1945-1975), se dissipe peu à peu dans les pays développés et devient en conséquence un objet de poursuite de plus en plus vain pour les politiques publiques (comme l’illustre la reprise poussive en France et en Europe). Ensuite, les bien-être objectif et subjectif – c’est-à-dire ce qui fait que la vie vaut la peine d’être vécue – sont de plus en plus déconnectés de la croissance économique. Enfin, la croissance du PIB ne nous dit rien de la soutenabilité environnementale, c’est-à-dire de la compatibilité entre notre bien-être d’ aujourd’hui et la vitalité à long terme des écosystèmes dont nos sociétés dépendent en dernier ressort, alors que c’est à coup sûr l’enjeu majeur de notre siècle .

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File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/64qpfr8mld99srrono07rer76k/resources/2016-laurent-revue145.pdf
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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/64qpfr8mld99srrono07rer76k.

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Length: 184 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2016
Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, 2016
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/64qpfr8mld99srrono07rer76k
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.sciencespo.fr/

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