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Travaillez ou mariez-vous !: La régulation sexuée de la pauvreté en France et aux États-Unis

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  • Hélène Périvier

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

L’article présente une analyse sexuée de l’évolution des droits et devoirs qui lient les personnes percevant l’aide sociale et l’Etat en France et aux Etats-Unis. Dans les deux pays, la contrepartie exigée en retour de la solidarité nationale a longtemps reposé pour les femmes sur leur rôle de « mère », pour les hommes sur celui de « pourvoyeur de ressources de la famille ». Les réformes successives des programmes de lutte contre la pauvreté aux Etats-Unis et en France ont modifié la nature de ces obligations, renforçant dans les deux cas la logique du mérite via une exigence d’insertion dans l’emploi, ceci de façon plus marquée aux Etats-Unis qu’en France. L’injonction à l’autonomie concerne désormais femmes et hommes, mais épargne les femmes mariées, dont l’inactivité est acceptée voire encouragée dans les dispositifs sociaux ou fiscaux.

Suggested Citation

  • Hélène Périvier, 2012. "Travaillez ou mariez-vous !: La régulation sexuée de la pauvreté en France et aux États-Unis," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/19qbbbrfem9, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/19qbbbrfem9ji8u1n0us4j77gf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Guillaume Allegre & Hélène Périvier, 2005. "Pauvreté et activité : vers quelle équation sociale ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3467, Sciences Po.
    2. N. Eissa & H. W. Hoynes, "undated". "The Earned Income Tax Credit and the Labor Supply of Married Couples," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1194-99, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
    3. Scott W. Allard, 2007. "The Changing Face of Welfare during the Bush Administration," Publius: The Journal of Federalism, Oxford University Press, vol. 37(3), pages 304-332, Summer.
    4. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 1999. "Prélèvements et transferts sociaux : une analyse descriptive des incitations financières au travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 328(1), pages 3-19.
    5. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/3467 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Folbre, Nancy, 2009. "Greed, Lust and Gender: A History of Economic Ideas," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199238422.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hélène Périvier & Réjane Sénac, 2018. "The new spirit of neoliberalism: equality and economic prosperity," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/14c56gh1hq9, Sciences Po.
    2. Hélène Périvier & Réjane Sénac, 2018. "The new spirit of neoliberalism: equality and economic prosperity," Post-Print hal-02403971, HAL.

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