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Tax Progressivity, Income Distribution and Tax Non-Compliance

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  • Tatiana Damjanovic
  • David Ulph

Abstract

This article applies a traditional industrial organization framework to the issue of tax compliance. First, we model the "tax advice" industry where the supplier helps taxpayers reduce their tax liability. Then we exploit the fact that more convex demand function results in lower equilibrium price and higher equilibrium quantity. Finally we uncover the factors determining the convexity of the demand for the tax minimisation industry and hence the equilibrium price and output. In particular, we find that lower pre-tax income inequality as well as a less progressive tax code may cause more tax minimisation activities. Therefore, the reduction of the highest tax rate may fail as a policy directed at improving tax discipline. One way of offsetting the possible harm to tax compliance from a less progressive tax could be an adjustment of penalty and monitoring functions.

Suggested Citation

  • Tatiana Damjanovic & David Ulph, 2007. "Tax Progressivity, Income Distribution and Tax Non-Compliance," Discussion Paper Series, Department of Economics 200712, Department of Economics, University of St. Andrews.
  • Handle: RePEc:san:wpecon:0712
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fernando Estrada, 2011. "The Power to Tax: A Lecture of Hayek," Economic Research Guardian, Weissberg Publishing, vol. 1(1), pages 2-14, September.
    2. Lipatov, Vilen, 2012. "Corporate tax evasion: The case for specialists," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 185-206.
    3. Marchese, Carla & Venturini, Andrea, 2017. "Is there any Induced Demand for Tax Evasion?," IEL Working Papers 22, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS.
    4. Bach, Stefan & Corneo, Giacomo & Steiner, Viktor, 2012. "Optimal top marginal tax rates under income splitting for couples," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(6), pages 1055-1069.
    5. Fernando, Estrada, 2010. "A reading Hayek on power to tax," MPRA Paper 21526, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Estrada, Fernando, 2011. "The power to tax," MPRA Paper 33203, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Estrada, Fernando, 2010. "Política tributaria y economía fiscal La posición Hayek (1959, 1979) con comentarios de Brenann/Buchanan (1980)
      [Fiscal tax policy and economy]
      ," MPRA Paper 20094, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Estrada, Fernando & González, Jorge Iván, 2014. "Política tributaria y economía fiscal en los enfoques de Hayek y Brenann/Buchanan
      [Tax policy and fiscal economy approaches Hayek and Brennan / Buchanan]
      ," MPRA Paper 57123, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Estrada, Fernando, 2010. "The progressive tax," MPRA Paper 34971, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2011.
    10. Semjén, András, 2017. "Az adózói magatartás különféle magyarázatai
      [Various explanations for tax compliance]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(2), pages 140-184.
    11. David Ulph, 2009. "Avoidance Policies – A New Conceptual Framework," Working Papers 0922, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation.
    12. Mariya Troyanskaya, 2014. "Contemporary view of the use of tax benefits," Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research, Pro Global Science Association, vol. 8(2), pages 195-206, June.
    13. Estrada, Fernando & González, Jorge Iván, 2014. "Tax Power and Economics," MPRA Paper 59075, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Ulph, David, 2009. "Avoidance Policies – A New Conceptual Framework," SIRE Discussion Papers 2009-26, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    15. Duccio Gamannossi degl’Innocenti & Matthew D. Rablen, 2017. "Tax avoidance and optimal income tax enforcement," IFS Working Papers W17/08, Institute for Fiscal Studies.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    tax compliance; tax administration; inequality; tax progressivity; tax monitoring; penalty function;

    JEL classification:

    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance

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