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Relative Price Distortions and Inflation Persistence

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  • Tatiana Damjanovic

    ()

  • Charles Nolan

    ()

Abstract

Many sticky-price models suggest that relative price distortion is one of the major costs of inflation. We show that this resource misallocation is costly even at quite low rates of inflation. This is because inflation strongly affects price dispersion which in turn has an impact on the economy qualitatively similar to, and of the order of magnitude of, a negative shift in productivity. Similarly, the utility cost of price dispersion is large. We incorporate price dispersion in a linearized model. This radically affects how shocks are transmitted through the economy. Notably, a contractionary nominal shock has a persistent, negative hump-shaped impact on inflation, but may have a positive hump-shaped impact on output. Observed persistence in the policy rate is not due to the policy rule per se.

Suggested Citation

  • Tatiana Damjanovic & Charles Nolan, 2006. "Relative Price Distortions and Inflation Persistence," CDMA Working Paper Series 200611, Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:san:cdmawp:0611
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    File URL: http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/~wwwecon/CDMA/papers/wp0611.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    9. Nicolae, Anamaria & Nolan, Charles, 2006. "The Impact of Imperfect Credibility in a Transition to Price Stability," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 38(1), pages 47-66, February.
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    12. Michael Woodford, 2001. "The Taylor Rule and Optimal Monetary Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 232-237, May.
    13. Rotemberg, Julio J, 1982. "Sticky Prices in the United States," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(6), pages 1187-1211, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Leith, Campbell & Liu, Ding, 2016. "The inflation bias under Calvo and Rotemberg pricing," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 283-297.
    2. Damjanovic, Tatiana & Damjanovic, Vladislav & Nolan, Charles, 2008. "Unconditionally optimal monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 491-500, April.
    3. Tatiana Damjanovic & Vladislav Damjanovic & Charles Nolan, 2015. "Ordering Policy Rules with an Unconditional Welfare Measure," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 11(1), pages 103-149, January.
    4. Mohammad Ali Kafaie & Amir Mohammad Moshref, 2013. "Inflation and Relative Price Dispersion: Evidence for Iran," Iranian Economic Review, Economics faculty of Tehran university, vol. 18(1), pages 93-104, winter.
    5. Damjanovic, Tatiana & Nolan, Charles, 2008. "Seigniorage-maximizing inflation," SIRE Discussion Papers 2008-35, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    6. Guido Ascari & Argia M. Sbordone, 2014. "The Macroeconomics of Trend Inflation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 52(3), pages 679-739, September.
    7. Kurozumi, Takushi & Van Zandweghe, Willem, 2016. "Price Dispersion and Inflation Persistence," Research Working Paper RWP 16-9, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    8. Stéphane Auray & Aurélien Eyquem, 2012. "Welfare Reversal in Monetary Union," Working Papers 2012-33, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    9. David Fielding & Christopher Hajzler & James MacGee, 2017. "Price-Level Dispersion versus Inflation-Rate Dispersion: Evidence from Three Countries," Staff Working Papers 17-3, Bank of Canada.
    10. Tatiana Damjanovic & Charles Nolan, 2009. "Second Order Accurate Approximation to the Rotemberg Model Around a Distorted Steady State," CDMA Working Paper Series 200907, Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis, revised 15 Apr 2010.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Price stickiness; optimal fiscal and monetary policies; price dispersion.;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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