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Monetary Policy and Balance Sheets

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  • Deniz Igan, Alain Kabundi, Francisco Nadal De Simone, Natalia Tamirisa

Abstract

This paper evaluates the strength of the balance sheet channel in the U.S. monetary policy transmission mechanism over the past three decades. Using a Factor-Augmented Vector Autoregression model on an expanded data set, including sectoral balance sheet variables, we show that the balance sheets of various economic agents act as important links in the monetary policy transmission mechanism. Balance sheets of financial intermediaries, such as commercial banks, asset-backed-security issuers and, to a lesser extent, security brokers and dealers, shrink in response to monetary tightening, while money market fund assets grow. The balance sheet effects are comparable in magnitude to the traditional interest rate channel. However, their economic significance in the run-up to the recent financial crisis was small. Large increases in interest rates would have been needed to avert a rapid rise of house prices and an unsustainable expansion of mortgage credit, suggesting an important role for macroprudential policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Deniz Igan, Alain Kabundi, Francisco Nadal De Simone, Natalia Tamirisa, 2013. "Monetary Policy and Balance Sheets," Working Papers 364, Economic Research Southern Africa.
  • Handle: RePEc:rza:wpaper:364
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    Cited by:

    1. Punzi, Maria Teresa & Kauko, Karlo, 2015. "Testing the global banking glut hypothesis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, pages 128-151.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary policy transmission; balance sheets; FAVAR; generalized dynamic factor models;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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