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Why Do Charter Schools Fail? - An Analysis of Charter School Survival in New Jersey

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  • Julia Schwenkenberg

    ()

  • James VanderHoff

    ()

Abstract

The reasons for charter school failure may determine if charter school competition improves public education. We estimate survival regressions to assess the effects of various factors on the probability of school failure. We find that students’ test scores are the most important determinant of survival: a one standard deviation increase reduces the probability of failure by at least 72%. Higher expenditures on facilities and a longer waitlist result in smaller but significant reductions in the probability of failure. Factors like administrative and class room expenditures, total enrollment, and student demographics do not have significant effects on school survival.

Suggested Citation

  • Julia Schwenkenberg & James VanderHoff, 2013. "Why Do Charter Schools Fail? - An Analysis of Charter School Survival in New Jersey," Working Papers Rutgers University, Newark 2013-002, Department of Economics, Rutgers University, Newark.
  • Handle: RePEc:run:wpaper:2013-002
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    File URL: http://www.ncas.rutgers.edu/charterschoolsnewarkwpupdated
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Scott A. Imberman, 2011. "Achievement and Behavior in Charter Schools: Drawing a More Complete Picture," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(2), pages 416-435, May.
    2. James VanderHoff, 1982. "Parental Valuation of Charter Schools and Student Performance," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 2(3), pages 479-493, Winter.
    3. Toma, Eugenia & Zimmer, Ron, 2012. "Two decades of charter schools: Expectations, reality, and the future," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 209-212.
    4. Atila Abdulkadiroğlu & Joshua D. Angrist & Susan M. Dynarski & Thomas J. Kane & Parag A. Pathak, 2011. "Accountability and Flexibility in Public Schools: Evidence from Boston's Charters And Pilots," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(2), pages 699-748.
    5. Jason Barr, 2007. "Charter School Performance in New Jersey," Working Papers Rutgers University, Newark 2007-006, Department of Economics, Rutgers University, Newark.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Charter schools; Education policy; School choice; Charter school failure;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare

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