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The Determinants of Truck Accidents in the United States

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  • Peter D. Loeb

    ()

  • William A. Clarke

    ()

Abstract

This paper examines the determinants of truck accidents in the United States using a time series data set covering the period 1970-2001. Econometric models are developed and subjected to a set of specification error tests so as to increase the probability of selecting models which are statistically reliable. Along with conventional factors affecting motor vehicle accidents, the effect of the Motor Carrier Act of 1980, which deregulated the trucking industry, is examined for its effect on truck accidents. In addition, the model accounts for the effect railroad freight mileage has on truck accidents. Empirical results show that alcohol consumption, the unemployment rate, and railroad freight activity had a significant effect on truck accidents. However, deregulation of the trucking industry did not have a statistically significant adverse effect on these accidents.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter D. Loeb & William A. Clarke, 2005. "The Determinants of Truck Accidents in the United States," Working Papers Rutgers University, Newark 2005-002, Department of Economics, Rutgers University, Newark.
  • Handle: RePEc:run:wpaper:2005-002
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    File URL: http://www.rutgers-newark.rutgers.edu/econnwk/workingpapers/2005-002.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Loeb, Peter D., 2001. "The effectiveness of seat belt legislation in reducing driver-involved injury rates in Maryland," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 297-310, August.
    2. Clarke, William A. & Loeb, Peter D., 2005. "The determinants of train fatalities: keeping the model on track," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 145-158, March.
    3. Levy, David T & Asch, Peter, 1989. "Speeding, Coordination, and the 55-MPH Limit: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 913-915, September.
    4. Peoples, James & Talley, Wayne K, 2004. "9. Owner-Operator Truck Driver Earnings And Employment: Port Cities And Deregulation," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 191-213, January.
    5. Chaloupka, Frank J & Saffer, Henry & Grossman, Michael, 1993. "Alcohol-Control Policies and Motor-Vehicle Fatalities," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(1), pages 161-186, January.
    6. McCarthy, Patrick S., 1999. "Public policy and highway safety: a city-wide perspective," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 231-244, March.
    7. Lave, Charles A, 1985. "Speeding, Coordination, and the 55 MPH Limit," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(5), pages 1159-1164, December.
    8. Snyder, Donald, 1989. "Speeding, Coordination, and the 55-MPH Limit: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 922-925, September.
    9. Peltzman, Sam, 1975. "The Effects of Automobile Safety Regulation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(4), pages 677-725, August.
    10. Halvorsen, Robert & Palmquist, Raymond, 1980. "The Interpretation of Dummy Variables in Semilogarithmic Equations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 474-475, June.
    11. Fowles, Richard & Loeb, Peter D, 1989. "Speeding, Coordination, and the 55-MPH Limit: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 916-921, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Truck Accidents; Motor Carrier Act of 1980; Staggers Act; Alcohol Consumption; Deregulation.;

    JEL classification:

    • L92 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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