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Expectation Formation in an Evolving Game of Uncertainty: Theory and New Experimental Evidence

Author

Listed:
  • Gigi Foster
  • Paul Frijters
  • Markus Schaffner
  • Benno Torgler

Abstract

We examine the nature of stated subjective probabilities in a complex, evolving context in which true event probabilities are not within subjects' explicit information set. Speci cally, we collect information on subjective expectations in a car race wherein participants must bet on a particular car but cannot influence the odds of winning once the race begins. In our setup, the actual probability of the good outcome (a win) can be determined based on computer simulations from any point in the process. We compare this actual probability to the subjective probability participants provide at three di erent points in each of 6 races. We fi nd that the S-shaped curve relating subjective to actual probabilities found in prior research when participants have direct access to actual probabilities also emerges in our much more complex situation, and that there is only a limited degree of learning through repeated play. We show that the model in the S-shaped function family that provides the best fi t to our data is Prelec's (1998) conditional invariant model.

Suggested Citation

  • Gigi Foster & Paul Frijters & Markus Schaffner & Benno Torgler, 2013. "Expectation Formation in an Evolving Game of Uncertainty: Theory and New Experimental Evidence," QuBE Working Papers 022, QUT Business School.
  • Handle: RePEc:qut:qubewp:wp022
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    behavioural economics; expected utility theory; experiments; expectations; probabilities;

    JEL classification:

    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General

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