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Exposure to pesticides, ill-health and averting behaviour: Costs and determining the relationships

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  • Clevo Wilson

    (School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology)

Abstract

Farmers\' exposure to pesticides is high in developing countries. As a result they suffer from ill-health, both short and long term. Deaths are not uncommon. The paper examines the cause of this high exposure by estimating farmers’ expenditure on precautions taken using the avertive behaviour approach. The data show that the expenditures on defensive behaviour are low. The paper then uses tobit regression analysis to determine factors that influence defensive behaviour. The results are useful, not only for Sri Lanka, but for many countries in South Asia, Africa and Latin America in reducing the current high levels of direct exposure to pesticides among farmers and farm workers using hand sprayers. Farmers\' exposure to pesticides is a major occupational health hazard in these countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Clevo Wilson, 2005. "Exposure to pesticides, ill-health and averting behaviour: Costs and determining the relationships," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 197, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
  • Handle: RePEc:qut:dpaper:197
    as

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    File URL: http://external-apps.qut.edu.au/business/documents/discussionPapers/2005/No%20197%20-%20Wilson.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Antle, John M. & Cole, Donald C. & Crissman, Charles C., 1998. "Further evidence on pesticides, productivity and farmer health: Potato production in Ecuador," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 18(2), March.
    2. Maumbe, Blessing M. & Swinton, Scott M., 2003. "Hidden health costs of pesticide use in Zimbabwe's smallholder cotton growers," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 57(9), pages 1559-1571, November.
    3. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1984. "Tobit models: A survey," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 3-61.
    4. Wilson, Clevo & Tisdell, Clem, 2001. "Why farmers continue to use pesticides despite environmental, health and sustainability costs," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 449-462, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Keywords

    Exposure to pesticides; ill-health; defensive behaviour; influencing factors; developing countries;

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