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Evidence on the arbitrage efficiency of SPI index futures and options markets


  • Steven Li
  • Elia Alfay

    (School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology)


This paper investigates arbitrage opportunities from the Australian market using the futures and futures option contracts traded on the Sydney Futures Exchange (SFE) within a put-call-futures-parity (PCFP) framework. A thorough ex post analysis is first carried out. Tick-by-tick transaction price data allow the futures contracts, the call futures options and the put futures options to be matched within a one minute interval. This paper take into account the realistic transaction costs that an arbitrager has to incur, including the implicit bid-ask spread. The results reveal a significant number of violations with 25.40% of the sample breaching the PCFP equation with an average profit of 6.733 index points for SFE member firms. Ex ante tests are also conducted whereby the trios that signified an ex post profit for members were lagged up to 3 minutes before being executed. The results were similar to the ex post results casting doubt on the efficiency and integration between these two derivative markets in Australia.

Suggested Citation

  • Steven Li & Elia Alfay, 2005. "Evidence on the arbitrage efficiency of SPI index futures and options markets," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 194, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
  • Handle: RePEc:qut:dpaper:194

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chung, Y Peter, 1991. " A Transactions Data Test of Stock Index Futures Market Efficiency and Index Arbitrage Profitability," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(5), pages 1791-1809, December.
    2. Klemkosky, Robert C. & Resnick, Bruce G., 1980. "An ex ante analysis of put-call parity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 363-378, December.
    3. Gould, J. P. & Galai, D., 1974. "Transactions costs and the relationship between put and call prices," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(2), pages 105-129, July.
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