Weak-form market efficiency in European emerging and developed stock markets
This paper tests for random walks and weak-form market efficiency in European equity markets. Daily returns for sixteen developed markets (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom) and four emerging markets (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Russia) are examined for random walks using a combination of serial correlation coefficient and runs tests, Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF), Phillips-Perron (PP) and Kwiatkowski, Phillips, Schmidt and Shin (KPSS) unit root tests and multiple variance ratio (MVR) tests. The results, which are in broad agreement across the approaches employed, indicate that of the emerging markets only Hungary is characterized by a random walk and hence is weak-form efficient, while in the developed markets only Germany, Ireland, Portugal, Sweden and the United Kingdom comply with the most stringent random walk criteria.
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