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Gender, Social Networks and Peformance

Author

Listed:
  • Ilse Lindenlaub

    (Yale University)

  • Anja Prummer

    (Queen Mary University of London)

Abstract

This paper documents gender differences in social ties and develops a theory that links them to disparities in men's and women's labor market performance. Men's networks lead to better access to information, women's to higher peer pressure. Both affect effort in a model of teams, each beneficial in different environments. We find that information is particularly valuable under high uncertainty, whereas peer pressure is more valuable in the opposite case. We therefore expect men to outperform women in jobs that are characterized by high earnings uncertainty, such as the financial sector or film industry - in line with the evidence.

Suggested Citation

  • Ilse Lindenlaub & Anja Prummer, 2016. "Gender, Social Networks and Peformance," Working Papers 807, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:qmw:qmwecw:wp807
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    Cited by:

    1. Stefania Albanesi & Claudia Olivetti & María José Prados, 2015. "Gender and Dynamic Agency: Theory and Evidence on the Compensation of Top Executives," Research in Labor Economics, in: Solomon W. Polachek & Konstantinos Tatsiramos & Klaus F. Zimmermann (ed.), Gender in the Labor Market, volume 42, pages 1-59, Emerald Publishing Ltd.
    2. Lorenzo Ductor & Sanjeev Goyal & Anja Prummer, 2018. "Gender & Collaboration," Working Papers 856, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
    3. Anastasia Sinitsyna & Karin Torpan & Raul Eamets & Tiit Tammaru, 2021. "Overlap Between Industrial Niching and Workplace Segregation: Role of Immigration Policy, Culture and Country of Origin," Social Inclusion, Cogitatio Press, vol. 9(2), pages 179-191.
    4. Alessandra Colombelli & Elena Grinza & Valentina Meliciani & Mariacristina Rossi, 2021. "Pulling Effects in Immigrant Entrepreneurship: Does Gender Matter?," Economic Geography, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 97(1), pages 1-33, January.
    5. Alessandro Manello & Maurizio Cisi & Francesco Devicienti & Davide Vannoni, 2020. "Networking: a business for women," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 55(2), pages 329-348, August.
    6. Chika O. Okafor, 2020. "Social Networks as a Mechanism for Discrimination," Papers 2006.15988, arXiv.org, revised Feb 2022.
    7. Friebel, Guido & Lalanne, Marie & Richter, Bernard & Schwardmann, Peter & Seabright, Paul, 2017. "Women form social networks more selectively and less opportunistically than men," SAFE Working Paper Series 168, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    8. Ductor, Lorenzo & Goyal, Sanjeev & Prummer, Anja, 2021. "Gender and Collaboration," CEPR Discussion Papers 15673, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Networks; Peer pressure; Gender; Labor market outcomes;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General
    • D02 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Institutions: Design, Formation, Operations, and Impact

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