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Productivity, Exporting and the Learning-by-Exporting Hypothesis: Direct Evidence from UK Firms

  • Gustavo Crespi

    (University of Sussex, AIM and CeRiBA)

  • Chiara Criscuolo

    (CEP, LSE, AIM and CeRiBA)

  • Jonathan Haskel

    (Queen Mary, University of London)

Case study evidence suggests that exporting firms learn from their clients. But econometric evidence, mostly using exporting and TFP growth, is mixed. We use a UK panel data set with firm-level information on exporting and productivity. Our innovation is that we also have direct data on the sources of learning (in this case about new technologies). Controlling for fixed effects we have two main findings. First, we find firms who exported in the past are more likely to then report that they learnt from buyers (relative to learning from other sources). Second, firms who had learned from buyers (more than they learnt from other sources) in the past are more likely to then have productivity growth. This suggests some support for the learning-by-exporting hypothesis, though is not clear whether firms deserve an exporting subsidy.

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File URL: http://www.econ.qmul.ac.uk/papers/doc/wp559.pdf
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Paper provided by Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance in its series Working Papers with number 559.

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Date of creation: Apr 2006
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Handle: RePEc:qmw:qmwecw:wp559
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  1. David Greenaway & Richard Kneller, 2004. "Exporting and Productivity in the United Kingdom," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(3), pages 358-371, Autumn.
  2. Mark J. Melitz, 2002. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," NBER Working Papers 8881, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Jeffrey Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Progress of Global Integration," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1733, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  4. Sofronis Clerides & Saul Lach & James Tybout, 1996. "Is "Learning-by-Exporting" Important? Micro-Dynamic Evidence from Colombia, Mexico and Morocco," NBER Working Papers 5715, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Aoife Hanley, 2004. "Exports, Linkages and Innovation," Occasional Papers 8, Industrial Economics Division.
  6. repec:rus:hseeco:122439 is not listed on IDEAS
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