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Trade Liberalisation and Poverty Dynamics in Vietnam

Author

Listed:
  • Yoko Niimi

    () (Poverty Research Unit at Sussex)

  • Puja Vasudeva Dutta

    () (National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi)

  • Alan Winters

    (Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, Department of Economics, Universtity of Sussex)

Abstract

This paper explores the poverty impact of Vietnam's trade liberalisation over the 1990s and asks how well they could have been predicted from prior data. We identify policy changes and their major effects on trade and prices. We then seek the effects of these changes in a panel comprising 4,302 households observed in 1993 and 1998. Using a multinomiallogit model, we find evidence that trade liberalisation influenced household poverty status and that considering trade effects would help to identify winners and losers a priori. We also find evidence that trade liberalisation reduced poverty substantially over the period 1993-1998.
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Suggested Citation

  • Yoko Niimi & Puja Vasudeva Dutta & Alan Winters, 2003. "Trade Liberalisation and Poverty Dynamics in Vietnam," PRUS Working Papers 17, Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex.
  • Handle: RePEc:pru:wpaper:17
    as

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    File URL: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Units/PRU/wps/wp17.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Burgess, Simon & Gardiner, Karen & Jenkins, Stephen P. & Propper, Carol, 2000. "Measuring income risk," ISER Working Paper Series 2000-15, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    2. Belser, Patrick, 2000. "Vietnam - on the road to labor-intensive growth ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2389, The World Bank.
    3. Dollar, David & Kraay, Aart, 2002. "Growth Is Good for the Poor," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 195-225, September.
    4. Dwayne Benjamin & Loren Brandt, 2002. "Agriculture and Income Distribution in Rural Vietnam under Economic Reforms: A Tale of Two Regions," Working Papers benjamin-02-01, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    5. Eric Edmonds & Nina Pavcnik, 2002. "Does Globalization Increase Child Labor? Evidence from Vietnam," NBER Working Papers 8760, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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