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Trade Liberalisation and Poverty Dynamics in Vietnam

  • Yoko Niimi

    ()

    (Poverty Research Unit at Sussex)

  • Puja Vasudeva Dutta

    ()

    (National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi)

  • Alan Winters

    (Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, Department of Economics, Universtity of Sussex)

This paper explores the poverty impact of Vietnam’s trade liberalisation over the 1990s and asks how well they could have been predicted from prior data. We identify policy changes and their major effects on trade and prices. We then seek the effects of these changes in a panel comprising 4,302 households observed in 1993 and 1998. Using a multinomial logit model, we find evidence that trade liberalisation influenced household poverty status and that considering trade effects would help to identify winners and losers a priori. We also find evidence that trade liberalisation reduced poverty substantially over the period 1993-1998.

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File URL: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Units/PRU/wps/wp17.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Sussex in its series Working Paper Series with number 17.

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Length: 59 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pru:wpaper:17
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  1. Dollar, David & Kraay, Aart, 2001. "Growth is good for the poor," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2587, The World Bank.
  2. Eric Edmonds & Nina Pavcnik, 2002. "Does Globalization Increase Child Labor? Evidence from Vietnam," NBER Working Papers 8760, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Simon Burgess & Karen Gardiner & Stephen P. Jenkins & Carol Propper, 2000. "Measuring Income Risk," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 213, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Loren Brandt & Dwayne Benjamin, 2002. "Agriculture and Income Distribution in Rural Vietnam under Economic Reforms: A Tale of Two Regions," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 519, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  5. Belser, Patrick, 2000. "Vietnam - on the road to labor-intensive growth ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2389, The World Bank.
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