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Trade Liberalisation and Poverty Dynamics in Vietnam

  • Yoko Niimi

    ()

    (Poverty Research Unit at Sussex)

  • Puja Vasudeva Dutta

    ()

    (National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi)

  • Alan Winters

    (Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, Department of Economics, Universtity of Sussex)

This paper explores the poverty impact of Vietnam’s trade liberalisation over the 1990s and asks how well they could have been predicted from prior data. We identify policy changes and their major effects on trade and prices. We then seek the effects of these changes in a panel comprising 4,302 households observed in 1993 and 1998. Using a multinomial logit model, we find evidence that trade liberalisation influenced household poverty status and that considering trade effects would help to identify winners and losers a priori. We also find evidence that trade liberalisation reduced poverty substantially over the period 1993-1998.

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Paper provided by Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex in its series PRUS Working Papers with number 17.

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Length: 59 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pru:wpaper:17
Contact details of provider: Postal: School of Social Sciences and Cultural Studies, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9SN
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Web page: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Units/PRU/
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  1. Belser, Patrick, 2000. "Vietnam - on the road to labor-intensive growth ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2389, The World Bank.
  2. Burgess, Simon & Gardiner, Karin & Jenkins, Stephen P & Propper, Carol, 2000. "Measuring Income Risk," CEPR Discussion Papers 2512, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Dwayne Benjamin & Loren Brandt, 2002. "Agriculture and Income Distribution in Rural Vietnam under Economic Reforms: A Tale of Two Regions," Working Papers benjamin-02-01, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  4. Eric Edmonds & Nina Pavcnik, 2002. "Does Globalization Increase Child Labor? Evidence from Vietnam," NBER Working Papers 8760, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Dollar, David & Kraay, Aart, 2002. " Growth Is Good for the Poor," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 195-225, September.
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