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Longitudinal Analysis of Strike Activity

  • David Card

This paper presents evidence on two aspects of strike activity associated with the renegotiation of union contracts: the effects of contract characteristics on dispute probabilities; and the effects of lagged strike outcomes on the incidence and duration of subsequent disputes. The empirical results show that strike probabilities are higher following a longer contract, and lower in limited reopening situations. Strike probabilities are also higher in summer and fall than in winter and spring. Finally, strike probabilities are significantly affected by lagged strike outcomes. Relative to a peaceful settlement, strike probabilities are 10 percentage points higher following a strike of two weeks or less, and 5 to 7 percentage points lower following a longer dispute.

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Paper provided by Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. in its series Working Papers with number 593.

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Date of creation: Aug 1986
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pri:indrel:dsp01s4655g57s
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  1. Gunderson, Morley & Kervin, John & Reid, Frank, 1986. "Logit Estimates of Strike Incidence from Canadian Contract Data," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 4(2), pages 257-76, April.
  2. Ashenfelter, Orley & Johnson, George E, 1969. "Bargaining Theory, Trade Unions, and Industrial Strike Activity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(1), pages 35-49, March.
  3. David Card, 1987. "Longitudinal Analysis of Strike Activity," NBER Working Papers 2263, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Tracy, Joseph S, 1986. "An Investigation into the Determinants of U.S. Strike Activity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(3), pages 423-36, June.
  5. Siebert, W Stanley & Addison, John T, 1981. "Are Strikes Accidential?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 91(362), pages 389-404, June.
  6. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
  7. Chamberlain, Gary, 1980. "Analysis of Covariance with Qualitative Data," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 225-38, January.
  8. Martin J. Mauro, 1982. "Strikes as a result of imperfect information," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 35(4), pages 522-538, July.
  9. Reder, Melvin W & Neumann, George R, 1980. "Conflict and Contract: The Case of Strikes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(5), pages 867-86, October.
  10. Vroman, Wayne, 1982. "Union Contracts and Money Wage Changes in U.S. Manufacturing Industries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 97(4), pages 571-94, November.
  11. Pencavel, John H, 1970. "An Investigation into Industrial Strike Activity in Britain," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 37(147), pages 239-56, August.
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