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Cognitive Development Among Young Children in Ecuador: The Roles of Wealth, Health and Parenting

  • Christina Paxson

    (Princeton University)

  • Norbert Schady

    (World Bank)

We examine the relationship between early cognitive development, socio-economic status (SES), child health, and parenting in a developing country. Using a sample of over 3000 preschool age children from Ecuador, we analyze determinants of children’s scores on a widelyused test of language ability. Household socioeconomic characteristics, in particular wealth and parental education, are “protective”—children from wealthier households and with more educated parents have higher scores. This is especially true for older children. Child health and parenting quality are associated with test scores, and account for a portion, although not the majority, of the association between SES and cognitive development.

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Paper provided by Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Health and Wellbeing. in its series Working Papers with number 239.

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Date of creation: Mar 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pri:cheawb:paxson_schady_childrenecuador
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