IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Cross-border regional development in Gibraltar


  • Benner, Maximilian
  • Engin, Melda
  • Sperber, Leon
  • Trendl, André


Political borders are a reality regional development has to cope with, even if they do not necessarily correspond to the functional boundaries of regional economies. EU membership has afforded regions located close to national borders a high degree of permeability, supported by EU cohesion policy through Interreg projects. But how can these cross-border regions manage to develop under political tides towards re-erecting hard borders? The present study examines the regional economy of British Gibraltar in relation to its Spanish neighbor region, and proposes ideas on how to develop Gibraltar’s economy in a post-“Brexit” reality. Despite continuing uncertainties about the nature and scope of future EU-UK relations, this study presents possibilities for future cross-border regional cooperation, and for developing Gibraltar’s local economy within a region that may be crossed by a hard border but even so remains functionally strongly integrated.

Suggested Citation

  • Benner, Maximilian & Engin, Melda & Sperber, Leon & Trendl, André, 2017. "Cross-border regional development in Gibraltar," MPRA Paper 81209, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:81209

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Brexit; cross-border regions; EU cohesion policy; Gibraltar; Interreg; regional development; Spain; United Kingdom;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:81209. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.