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Desarrollo de la infraestructura y reducción de la pobreza: el caso peruano

  • Carlos Aparicio

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico y Consorcio de Investigación Económica y Social)

  • Miguel A. Jaramillo

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico y Consorcio de Investigación Económica y Social)

  • Cristina San Román

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico y Consorcio de Investigación Económica y Social)

In recent years, economic growth and the development of social programs have contributed significantly to poverty reduction in Peru. In this process, the development of infrastructure has been very important in reducing the long term vulnerability of households.This paper examines the role of infrastructure in reducing poverty in households in Peru within a dynamic perspective of poverty and under an asset-based approach. To do this, we estimate Logit models to reflect the impact of different types of infrastructure on the likelihood of being poor in Peru. We also estimate static panel data models (fixed and random effects) to reflect the impact of the different types of infrastructure on the spending ofPeruvian households. Both groups of models are based on information at the household level for the years 2007-2010 from the Peruvian official household survey provided by INEI. These impacts are estimated considering the sex of the household head and the area of residence(urban or rural). For static panel data models, we estimate the impact of the different types of infrastructure on household spending distinguishing whether they are transient poor or chronically poor. Given the data constraints at the household level in Peru, we only analyze the following infrastructures throughout the document: water, sewage, electricity and telecommunications. From the results, we verify a significant and different impact of the various types of infrastructure on poverty according to the area of residence and the gender of the household head. Similarly, we verify a significant and different impact of infrastructure on the types of poverty (transient and chronic poverty).

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File URL: http://cies.org.pe/files/documents/investigaciones/pobreza/Desarrollo-de-la-infraestructura-y-reduccion-de-la-pobreza.pdf
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Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico in its series Working Papers with number 11-00.

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Length: 68 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2011
Date of revision: Sep 2011
Handle: RePEc:pai:wpaper:11-00
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.up.edu.pe/

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  1. Aschauer, David Alan, 1989. "Is public expenditure productive?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 177-200, March.
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  12. Antonio Estache & V. Foster & Q. Wodon, 2002. "Accounting for Poverty in Infrastructure Reform: Learning from Latin America's Experience," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/44108, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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  17. Songco, Jocelyn A., 2002. "Do rural infrastructure investments benefit the poor? Evaluating linkages : a global view, a focus on Vietnam," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2796, The World Bank.
  18. Arsenio Balisacan & Ernesto Pernia & Abuzar Asra, 2003. "Revisiting growth and poverty reduction in Indonesia: what do subnational data show?," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(3), pages 329-351.
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