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The dynamics of the schooling dropout in Peru: a framework using duration models

Listed author(s):
  • Pablo Lavado

    ()

    (Consorcio de Investigación Económica y Social (CIES))

  • José Gallegos

Despite the fact that in Peru was observed an improvement in enrollment during the nineties, even performing better than the rest of the Latin American countries, dropout and schooling delay persist avoiding a substantial increase in the society’s education level. This research analyzes the dynamics of dropout during the school cycle and, at the same time, characterizes those children that are more prone to leave the school. The results show that economic constraints, mainly in the rural zones and for the urban boys, and non-economic problems, basically in the case of urban girls, are the main determinants of the interruption of the education. Likewise, simulation of a cash transfer program was performed. The results induce to think that the program would have an effect over the dropout, reducing it between 14% and 36%. Finally, if the program is supported by the reduction of the first year school delay, the dropout rate will diminish between 50% and 78%.

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File URL: http://www.cemfi.es/~plavado/school_dropout_lavado_gallegos.pdf
File Function: First Version, 2005
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Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico in its series Working Papers with number 05-09.

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Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2005
Date of revision: Sep 2005
Handle: RePEc:pai:wpaper:05-09
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.up.edu.pe/

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  1. Raymond, Melanie & Sadoulet, Elisabeth, 2003. "Educational Grants Closing the Gap in Schooling Attainment between Poor and Non-Poor," Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series qt60r0x8j4, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley.
  2. Kiefer, Nicholas M, 1988. "Economic Duration Data and Hazard Functions," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 646-679, June.
  3. Joshua Angrist & Eric Bettinger & Erik Bloom & Elizabeth King & Michael Kremer, 2002. "Vouchers for Private Schooling in Colombia: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Experiment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(5), pages 1535-1558, December.
  4. Javier Escobal & Javier Iguíñiz, 2000. "Balance de la investigación económica en el Perú," Libros de otras Editoriales, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, edition 1, number otr-2000-05, September.
  5. Rosenzweig, Mark R & Evenson, Robert E, 1977. "Fertility, Schooling, and the Economic Contribution of Children in Rural India: An Econometric Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(5), pages 1065-1079, July.
  6. Behrman, Jere R & Knowles, James C, 1999. "Household Income and Child Schooling in Vietnam," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 211-256, May.
  7. Hill, C Russell, 1979. "Capacities, Opportunities and Educational Investments: The Case of the High School Dropout," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(1), pages 9-20, February.
  8. Santiago Cueto & Marjorie Chinen, 2001. "Impacto educativo de un programa de desayunos escolares en escuelas rurales del Perú," Documentos de Investigación dt34, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  9. Jacoby, Hanan G, 1994. "Borrowing Constraints and Progress through School: Evidence from Peru," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 76(1), pages 151-160, February.
  10. Daniela Zapata & Dante Contreras, 2004. "Child labor in Bolivia: schooling, gender and ethnic groups," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 224, Econometric Society.
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