Learning by Doing: Skills and Jobs in Urban Ghana
This paper investigates the relationship between skills acquisition and job characteristics using a panel dataset of individuals in urban Ghana by analyzing on-the-job skills acquisition and exploring the link between mathematics skills and jobs which involve the handling of money.� These mathematics skills are important, not only, in the workplace but also more generally.� Survey respondents were administered a short mathematics test involving a number of theoretical and practical math questions.� The relationship between skills and jobs is identified by examining individuals who changed jobs between survey rounds while controlling for individual time invariant characteristics.� We argue that the process of job choice in Ghana allows us to identify causal impacts.� The findings show that money handling is positively associated with higher math skills for women.� These results are not driven by differences in mathematics scores between self-employed individuals and wage employed individuals and are robust to changes in the classification of money handling jobs.� Moreover, the findings show that working in a job involving the handling of money is positively associated with higher math scores among women with high levels of education.� This suggests that individuals at the low end of the distribution of years of education are not acquiring mathematics skills through money handling jobs.� It is only the 36% of women who are already quite highly educated in the Ghanaian context who are acquiring these skills on the job.
|Date of creation:||19 Oct 2012|
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