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Bridging the gender divide: An experimental analysis of group formation in African villages

  • Abigail Barr
  • Marcel Fafchamps

Assortative matching occurs in many social contexts.� We experimentally investigate gender assorting in sub-Saharan villages.� In the experiment, covillagers could form groups to share winnings in a gamble choice game.� The extent to which grouping arrangements were or could be enforced and, hence, the distribution of interaction costs were exogeneously varied.� Thus, we can distinguish between the effects of homophily and interaction costs on the extent of observed gender assorting.� We find that interaction costs matter - there is less gender assorting when grouping depends on trust.� In part, this is due to trust based on co-memberships in gender-mixed religions.

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File URL: http://www.csae.ox.ac.uk/workingpapers/pdfs/2009-17text.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number CSAE WPS/2009-17.

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Date of creation: 01 Aug 2009
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:csae-wps/2009-17
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  18. Jonathan Morduch, 1999. "The Microfinance Promise," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1569-1614, December.
  19. Jan Willem Gunning & John Hoddinott & Bill Kinsey & Trudy Owens, 2000. "Revisiting forever gained: Income dynamics in the resettlement areas of Zimbabwe, 1983-96," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 131-154.
  20. Raymond Fisman & Sheena S. Iyengar & Emir Kamenica & Itamar Simonson, 2008. "Racial Preferences in Dating," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(1), pages 117-132.
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  25. Marcel Fafchamps & Susan Lund, 2000. "Risk-Sharing Networks in Rural Philippines," Economics Series Working Papers 10, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
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