Bridging the gender divide: An experimental analysis of group formation in African villages
Assortative matching occurs in many social contexts.� We experimentally investigate gender assorting in sub-Saharan villages.� In the experiment, covillagers could form groups to share winnings in a gamble choice game.� The extent to which grouping arrangements were or could be enforced and, hence, the distribution of interaction costs were exogeneously varied.� Thus, we can distinguish between the effects of homophily and interaction costs on the extent of observed gender assorting.� We find that interaction costs matter - there is less gender assorting when grouping depends on trust.� In part, this is due to trust based on co-memberships in gender-mixed religions.
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