Gender patterns in household health expenditure allocation: A study of South Africa
This paper explores the extent and nature of gender differences, by age, in household health expenditure allocation.� Using South African data, we adopt a hurdle methodology, constructing a sequence of decision stages (reporting sickness, consulting medical practitioner, incurring positive medical expenditure, and the conditional amount of expenditure) in order to examine all these possible channels of gender differentiation.� Our results provide evidence of significant pro-female bias among prime age persons (ages 16-40) after controlling for gender differences in the opportunity cost of time spent on seeking medical attention.� We infer that expenditure on female health if viewed as an important investment in household welfare in light of women's contribution to household production, particularly over child bearing/rearing ages.� This provides an alternative narrative to the 'investment motive' hypothesis traditionally employed to explain differential allocation of resources to males and females within the household.� We also compare the relative explanatory power of household and individual level equations in revealing intra-household gender bias.� Our findings suggest that the dimensions of gender differentiation are revealed more clearly in individual level regressions.
|Date of creation:||01 Oct 2008|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Manor Rd. Building, Oxford, OX1 3UQ|
Web page: http://www.economics.ox.ac.uk/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Lata Gangadharan & Pushkar Maitra, 2003.
"Testing for Son Preference in South Africa,"
Journal of African Economies,
Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 12(3), pages 371-416, September.
- Gangadharan, L. & Maitra, P., 1999. "Testing for Son Preference in South Africa," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 724, The University of Melbourne.
- Lata Gangadharan & Pushkar Maitra, 2000. "Testing for Son Preference in South Africa," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 0072, Econometric Society.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:csae-wps/2008-32. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Monica Birds)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.