Gender patterns in household health expenditure allocation: A study of South Africa
This paper explores the extent and nature of gender differences, by age, in household health expenditure allocation.� Using South African data, we adopt a hurdle methodology, constructing a sequence of decision stages (reporting sickness, consulting medical practitioner, incurring positive medical expenditure, and the conditional amount of expenditure) in order to examine all these possible channels of gender differentiation.� Our results provide evidence of significant pro-female bias among prime age persons (ages 16-40) after controlling for gender differences in the opportunity cost of time spent on seeking medical attention.� We infer that expenditure on female health if viewed as an important investment in household welfare in light of women's contribution to household production, particularly over child bearing/rearing ages.� This provides an alternative narrative to the 'investment motive' hypothesis traditionally employed to explain differential allocation of resources to males and females within the household.� We also compare the relative explanatory power of household and individual level equations in revealing intra-household gender bias.� Our findings suggest that the dimensions of gender differentiation are revealed more clearly in individual level regressions.
|Date of creation:||01 Oct 2008|
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- Lata Gangadharan & Pushkar Maitra, 2000.
"Testing for Son Preference in South Africa,"
Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers
0072, Econometric Society.
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